This research component brings together IODE researchers working on Europe and its challenges: specialists in European Integration or researchers from other disciplines who include European issues in their reflection.
The research is based on the following four themes:
- External Action of the European Union
This approach is based on a twofold analysis, which is first of all institutional and gathers studies on the legal framework of EU action throughout the world (powers, procedures, the relationship between the European Union’s legal order and the international order) and conventional or unilateral instruments, whether formal or informal, governing EU relations with third States and its involvement in international organisations. The second part is substantive and focuses on the systemic analysis of the EU’s foreign policies (trade, development, humanitarian aid, foreign and security policy) and its internal policies in their external dimension.
- European Integration and Digital Transition
Focus on the European digital transition, which has become a key issue in European integration, gathers studies on all digital challenges in Europe. Cross-disciplinary by nature, the issues of European digital law are omnipresent and unite a much broader field: the digital single market, artificial intelligence, data strategy, the regulation of digital platforms, digital sovereignty, e-health, cyber defence and cybersecurity.
- Integration Process
This focal point gathers studies on the political and legal issues of European integration: institutional approach, sources and procedures, methods for producing law, system reports. One aspect of this research focuses on comparative regional integration law.
- Economic, Social and Territorial Integration of the European Union
This theme gathers research on European market legislation (internal market and competition) and analyses European social law and more broadly, EU economic, social and territorial cohesion policies.